What are literacy difficulties?

Literacy difficulties are experienced by children who might struggle to make progress at school with pre-reading skill (phonemic awareness), reading, hand-writing and/or spelling.

Some of the most important factors to consider when a child is struggling to learn literacy skills are to see if difficulty is being experienced in one or more of the following areas:

  • Phonemic awareness skills (the ability to identify, segment, delete and blend sounds in words)
  • Identify and create rhyming words
  • Blend a string of sounds together to make a word
  • Separate individual sounds from words
  • Decode sounds in words for reading
  • Relate the sound to a letter shape and write it
  • Understand the meaning of individual words
  • Remembering a string of words and understand their meaning within a sentence
  • Relate different sentences to each other.

Diagnosis

We have an array of assessments for determining literacy difficulties, and our therapists choose appropriate tests depending on the person’s age, skill level and individual needs. The results obtained will determine the recommended outcome for each student. Sometimes students who experience literacy difficulties also present with other difficulties such as ADD, ADHD, learning disabilities, dyslexia, Autism Spectrum Disorder to name a few. We liaise closely with school teachers and relevant professionals such as educational psychologists or paediatricians when necessary to help overcome literacy difficulties.

‘Write to Read’ literacy program

This highly successful literacy program integrates spelling/decoding, phonemic awareness, listening, reading, fluency, comprehension, writing and vocabulary. This program is a highly effective evidence-based program supporting people of all ages to develop their skills for reading and spelling success. Clients with literacy difficulties are guided along the reading and writing journey with great success. They transform their attitudes and behaviours to literacy as well as their skill level. The program includes the following:

  • Multi-sensory learning
  • Students empowered by learning
  • Encourages analytical thinking
  • Requires quality work students are proud of
  • Articulation of knowledge
  • Students become in control of learning
  • Students become independent learners
  • Understanding the needs of students with learning difficulties

For further information regarding the therapist in charge of our ‘Write to Read’ program, helping those with literacy difficulties, please see Sarah Young’s profile.